Popular things to do in Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta, also known as Yogya, is a fusion of old and new. Located in the heart of Java, it is where tradition, culture and modernity collide, making it a destination to visit on Indonesian travel itineraries. Go on a sightseeing tour to the temples of Borobudur and Prambanan, which made the town the hub of art and education. Yogyakarta also offers some good shopping areas and has a wide range of tourist facilities.
Second most important tourist destination in Indonesia
Because of its unique Javanese court Kraton culture of Kraton Yogyakarta, Yogyakarta has become the second most important tourist destination in Indonesia after Bali. People travel to Yogyakarta for the food, sun and beaches and others travel to the diverse country Indonesia to see first-hand aspects of its rich and lengthy history.
Traditional and Cultural Tours in YogyakartaThe Tugu Moment is well-known landmark located in the centre of downtown Yogyakarta. Built by Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono VI, the top spire was originally a round sphere which represents the universe. During the colonial era in Yogyakarta, the spire was replaced with a golden cylinder.
A Dutch fort located in front of Gedung Agung (President's Palace). A great example of the Dutch colonial architecture. A few warfare items are still preserved, including a twin cannon.
Kota Gede is the capital of the ancient Islamic Mataram kingdom. Although some ancient buildings have been modernized or replaced with newer buildings, Kotagede remains a prime example of ancient Javanese architecture and city structure. It is most famous as the "silver village," be sure to check out the local silver handicrafts when you tour the workshops there. The tomb of Mataram Kingdom's first king, Panembahan Senopati, is also located in this place.
Imogirl is southwest of town in Indonesia and graveyard of the Yogyakarta and Surakarta royal families. There are some great craft villagesear here that specialize in batik and pottery.
Kotabaru, used to be Dutch officials residential area, has few heritage homes as well as a colonial style church and monastery, the Gereja Kotabaru and the Stadion Kridosono. There are also several museums in Hindu period temple such as Candi Prambanan, museums in the royal court, and museums in colonial buildings such as Yogyakarta Fortress Museum, the former Dutch Fort Vredeburg and the Yogya Kembali.
Yogyakarta’s Gourmet Delight
Yogyakarta dishes were originally known for their sweetness. However, as the city became a melting pot, this small city starts seeing more diversity in flavour. Nowadays in Yogyakarta you can find many kind of interesting dishes, ranging from sweet, to spicy, to fiery. There are also a fusion from other cuisines such as Chinese or Western that you can have in numerous food bars and restaurants. Take note though, that restaurants in the centre often close quite often refused admission after 9PM.
The city is also a heaven of inexpensive foods, and some tasty and filling dishes can be had for as low as US25 centavos. There are hundreds, if not thousands of hawker stalls offering inexpensive foods. Among the famous dishes are the Gudeg, a curry of jackfruit and chicken and egg, the Ayam goreng Mbok Berek, fried free range chicken with mild garlic and coriander flavour served with crunchy crackers, and the Nasi langgi, locally known as sego langgi that is served with warm rice with various side dishes.
Food stalls and restaurants
Food stalls and restaurants in Yogyakarta are abound in Gandekan Street, Pathuk Street, and Kaliurang. There is also the Angkringan, a food seller using hopper as a store. The famous food sold here is Nasi Kucing (Cat Rice) that consists of a small serving rice with a sambal (chilies) or oseng-oseng and wrapped using a piece of paper or banana leaf.
Timeless Pieces from Yogyakarta
Many curious goods are available in many places in this city. If you love timeless pieces, Yogyakarta is the home of batik, traditional wayang puppets, sculpture, ceramics and silverware. Countless handicrafts from outside Yogyakarta can also be found here. Don't be surprised if you bump into souvenirs from Bali or Asmat, often with better deal than if bought in those islands. Alternatively, as a constantly growing city, Yogyakarta has several stylish malls and trade centres that offer interesting goods and services at a reasonable cost.
Well-known shopping promenade
There is the Beringharjo that is most famous for batik marketplace, the Kotagede area which is the production centre for fine filigree jewellery and silver ornaments and the Wayang, a traditional Javanese leather. Malioboro is a well-known shopping promenade and very popular among Indonesian as well as international tourists. Spans from the Tugu Station to the Sultan's square, Malioboro is home to hundreds of shops and street-stalls offering various kind of handicrafts.
Sightseeing and tours in Yogyakarta
Yogyakarta is a relatively small city, so travelling around town should not be too expensive. You can explore the city on foot. Take note that a street sign facing you at a corner indicates the name of the street you are entering, not the cross street. The Tourism Authority has maps in English that can be obtained from its offices, at the airport, and the train station. Beware that these maps are not to scale.
The city is also located on one of the two major railway lines across Java, between Jakarta, Bandung, and Surabaya. It has two passenger railway stations, Tugu railway station which serves business and executive class trains, and Lempuyangan Station which serves economy class trains. Both stations are located in the heart of the city.
There is also the commuter train, Prambanan Ekspress, also known as Prameks that goes from Lempuyangan Station to Solo Balapan Station at Surakarta (Solo) (East of Yogyakarta), Kutoharjo Station at Kutoharjo (West of Yogyakarta). The other commuter train is Madiun Jaya (Madiun-Lempuyangan), and Joglosemar (Semarang-Lempuyangan).
Metered taxis are also available along with the traditional three-wheeled and pedal-powered cart, known as becak which can be found in most part of Yogyakarta. The horse-pulled carts known as andong or dokar wait for tourists outside hotspots like the train station, the Kraton and Mal Malioboro. There are several car and motorbike rental agencies just outside Tugu Station near Jalan Pasar Kembang on the street that runs east-west just south of the station.
Climate in Yogyakarta
The climate of in almost all of Indonesia is entirely tropical. Temperature at the coastal plains of in Yogyakarta is on average 28 °C, the inland and mountain areas average 26 °C, and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C.
Temperature varies little from season to season, and Indonesia experiences relatively little change in the length of daylight hours from one season to the next; the difference between the longest day and the shortest day of the year is only forty-eight minutes.
The main variable of Indonesia's climate is not temperature or air pressure, but rainfall. The area's relative humidity ranges between 70 and 90%. Winds are moderate and generally predictable, with monsoons usually blowing in from the south and east in June through September and from the northwest in December through March.